Pressure sore risk validating an assessment tool dating oslo norway
Proportion of referrals to community nursing services for people with 1 or more risk factors for pressure ulcers in which a pressure ulcer risk assessment is carried out at the first face‑to‑face visit.
Numerator – the number in the denominator in which a pressure ulcer risk assessment is carried out at the first face‑to‑face visit.
An assessment of pressure ulcer risk should be based on clinical judgement and/or the use of a validated scale such as the Braden scale, the Waterlow scale or the Norton risk‑assessment scale for adults and the Braden Q scale for children.
The aim of the review was to determine the predictive validity of selected pressure ulcer risk assessment scales.
Prediction of a risk of pressure ulcers is a priority issue in nursing.
Included in the review were studies with levels of evidence of 1-4.
By doing this within 6 hours of when a person is admitted to hospital or a care home with nursing, those at risk or high risk of developing pressure ulcers can be identified without delay.
Acting on the results of the risk assessments allows healthcare professionals to offer preventative treatment to people at risk, helping to reduce the number of people developing a pressure ulcer and ensuring patient safety.
The inclusion criteria were met by fifteen studies on the validity of the Braden, Norton, Waterlow Scale, Song and Choi, Cubbin and Jackson, Modified Norton, EVARUCI, Suriadi and Sanada and Modified Braden scales.
The most frequently tested scales included the Braden, Waterlow and Norton scales.